Sunday, August 2, 2015

New Delhi - Evolving Urban Form

Delhi has its own history, culture and identity. Delhi is an economy of agglomeration; it provides various advantages and opportunities for everyone. Delhi is also a symbol of ancient values, aspirations and is scheduled to take its eminent place amongst the leading cities of the world. That is why we see lot of people flocking to Delhi from other parts of the country and even the world, in search of a better future.

Delhi, the capital of the largest democracy of the world, and as the national capital region, it is the second largest metropolis of India. It has the second highest GDP in the country. Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, it is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. Delhi is the proud home of many important government offices, most importantly, the Parliament of India. In the recent years, Delhi has attracted many immigrants, thus emerging as a cosmopolitan city. Today, it is a prominent political and commercial center of India. The Delhi-Agra Yamuna expressway joins Delhi to the beautiful city of Agra, which is a major tourist attraction. The key service industries of New Delhi includes Telecom, IT, Banking, Media, Hotels and Tourism.

It has been a time of ups and downs for Delhi, which has emerged as the largest urban area (area of continuous urban development) in India. Delhi has experienced some of the quickest and most substantial urban growth in the history of the world. Since the 1951 census, Delhi has grown from under 1.5 million people to a population of 22.6 million in 2011. Delhi has been one of the fastest growing urban areas in history and (along with Jakarta, Seoul and Manila) has added approximately 20 million people over the past 60 years. Only Tokyo has added more new residents than these four urban areas, (25 million population).

That is why we have seen growth and development of interstate urban area, which together includes all of the urbanization of the National Capital Territory, which includes the urban core, as well as the adjacent Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Noida and Yamuna expressway, urban areas in the state of Uttar Pradesh and the Faridabad and Gurgaon urban areas in the state of Haryana. Delhi is experiencing ever swelling urban population. Pressure on Delhi as an urban centre is already intense, gridlocked by traffic and hampered by poor infrastructure and a lack of amenities like parks and effective public transport.Between 2000 and 2011, the strongest growth was in the urbanization in Uttar Pradesh and to the southwest in Haryana.
Gurgaon, in Haryana, abuts Indira Gandhi International Airport on the south side, has emerged as an important corporate and information technology center. Gurgaon grew from 250,000 people in 2001 to 900,000 in 2011.
Ghaziabad, in Uttar Pradesh, is located adjacent to Delhi's Northeast district and is the largest of the urban expanses beyond the National Capital Territory, having grown from approximately 975,000 people 2001 to more than 2,350,000 people in 2011.
Noida, in Uttar Pradesh, is another business center, is a special economic zone and includes software technology park. Noida is located in Delhi’s East district and grew from approximately 300,000 in 2001 to nearly 650,000 in 2011.

Faridabad, in Haryana, is located directly to the south of the National Capital Territory and had the slowest percentage growth among the urban expanses beyond the National Capital Territory, growing from 1,050,000 people in 2001 two 1,400,000 people in 2011. The preponderance of growth in the suburban areas mirrors the trend in the previous census. Between 1991 and 200l, 26% of the growth was in the inner area and 74% of the growth in the outer areas of the National Capital Territory. Even with its somewhat less than expected growth over the past decade, the Delhi continues to be among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in the world. Including adjacent rural areas, the Delhi metropolitan region added approximately 6.0 million people between 2001 and 2010 (growing from 20.4 million to 26.4 million). This compares to the 10-year gain of 7.4 million in Jakarta, 6.6 million in Manila and Shanghai and 6.1 million in Beijing.

The Delhi urban area illustrates the same pervasive urban growth trend evident around the world. As urban areas become larger, they tend to grow most rapidly on their periphery as opposed in the core. As a result, contrary to popular misconception, they are overall becoming become less dense. In Delhi, as well as in all of the other urban areas or metropolitan regions as seen around the world, growth is concentrated in the suburbs and further out on the periphery.

To keep pace and to sustain the tremendous growth that Delhi has achieved, the city needs to integrate its history, the great past and the modern aspirations and developments, which encompasses the political, socio-economic, the environment, the cultural and the globalizing attitude and aspirations of the people. Infrastructure, irrespective of the segment, has to be developed at an unprecedented pace, and investments targeted accordingly. Keeping this aspect of redevelopment and densification of the existing urban areas, DDA has floated its master plan 2021.

L- Zone is an alternative option for development of areas identified by DDA- master plan 2021, for urbanisation. This shall be the address of New New Delhi, in times to come it shall experience a planned smart city with all world class facilities, infrastructure and quality of life.


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